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Introduction. Grammar is often the boring part of learning a language – we have to learn rules that are so different from the ones in our native language.
Table of contents
- French Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet
- The best free online learning resources:
- FRENCH GRAMMAR
- Dr French - The complete guide to French grammar
French Grammar For Dummies Cheat Sheet
In French, there are three sets of regular verbs that rear their heads again and again, so learning the patterns of each one will really come in handy. Verbs ending in -er , -ir and -re follow the same pattern in most instances. Learning grammar in a foreign language will teach you a lot about languages in general, bringing your attention to many technical things you had no idea were going on! Plural nouns are just one or some of these things. Most nouns require simply an extra s to be turned from singular to plural.
Nouns that end in vowels, however, have a few different rules. Most nouns that end in — au take on an x to become the plural form.
Others, which end in — al, take on an — aux , but instead of tacking this onto the end, you actually put -aux in place of -al. For example, the word journal newspaper ends up being written as journaux newspapers in the plural.
The best free online learning resources:
The majority of nouns which end in s, z or x do not change when they become plural and can instead be identified by their article. Un virus a virus , for example, becomes des virus in the plural form. In English, none of our words have gendered agreements, so the whole idea of using masculine and feminine French words can feel a little strange at first. This grammar point may seem tricky at first, but will soon become easy for you to remember; all it takes is a little focus in the beginning to get used to it. French nouns and their corresponding adjectives can be either masculine or feminine , as well as singular or plural.
In general, for example, feminine words end with an e , so the most common way to make an adjective agree with a feminine noun is simply to add an e at the end. Joli pretty becomes jolie in the feminine form. If words end with a consonant, however, you need to do something different to make them agree with a feminine noun. This post goes over the basics of adjective agreement , and this one goes more in-depth. In French, reflexive verbs are used to describe something that someone does to themselves, and there are many examples that relate to rituals in everyday life.
Remembering how to transform a pronoun into its reflexive form is very easy. Here are the corresponding reflexive pronouns for each personal pronoun:.
Have a look:. Gender: All French nouns have a gender. But if a noun is feminine, like la voiture the car , the adjective that accompanies the noun must be in its feminine form.
For instance, to say the black car , you say la voiture noire. Notice that the feminine version of noir has an e at the end. Number: A French noun can be singular or plural, regardless of the gender, and the adjective must match that. To describe a group of black cars , say les voitures noires. Notice that both adjectives have an s at the end.
Following are some general rules on how to modify a masculine singular adjective to make it feminine singular:. The most common way to make an adjective feminine is to add an — e to its masculine singular form which is the default form of the adjective found in a French dictionary. Some masculine singular adjectives already end in — e. For instance, aimable nice , calme calm , and utile useful have the same form in masculine singular and feminine singular.
For example: bon good becomes bonne ; gros fat becomes grosse ; mignon cute becomes mignonne. For most adjectives that end in — eur or — eux , replace the ending with — euse to form the feminine. For example: amoureux in love becomes amoureuse , heureux fat becomes heureuse , and affreux atrocious becomes affreuse.
Dr French - The complete guide to French grammar
For adjectives that end in — teur , replace that ending with — trice to form the feminine. Protecteur protective becomes protectrice , conservateur conservative becomes conservatrice , and so on. For adjectives that end in — f , replace — f with — ve to form the feminine, like neuf new becomes neuve , and sportif athletic becomes sportive. Each area of of French grammar is broken down into chapters, with a quiz at the end of each chapter. You can also This guide is for anyone who is serious about improving their accuracy with French grammar.
You can also use the Search function on your Kindle or Kindle app to to look up specific grammar points. The final chapter contains guidance on more complex structures in French and includes practice translation exercises into French. All of the exercises in this book are accompanied by answers.
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